Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) introduced a new program called Express Entry from January 1, 2015. It is an electronic process to select skilled workers for immigration to Canada by CIC. To meet local Labour market needs, provinces can also recruit candidates from the Express Entry pool through Provincial Nomination Program (PNP).
Canada welcomed 341,180 new immigrants in the year 2019 and most of this coming from economic immigration class. India is a vital resource, accounting for roughly 25 percent with 85,585 Indian nationals made Canada home in 2019. The second spot with 30,260 immigrates comes from China. There are three economic immigration programs under Express Entry:
- Federal Skilled Worker Program
- Canadian Experience Class
- Federal Skilled Trades Program
FEDERAL SKILL WORKER CLASS
Federal Skill Worker Class is a program under Express Entry. This is a highly competitive program to get permanent residence in Canada. However, this program ranks candidates by utilizing a Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS).
Here are some certain minimum requirements to meet in order to qualify for this program:
- Express Entry candidates must score a minimum of 67 points out of 100 on the selection grid.
- A full-time work experience of at least 12 months within the last 10 years.
- Skilled work experience must refer to experience under NOC skill level A, B or O.
- Candidate must reach at least CLB (Canadian Language Benchmark) level 7 on an approved French or English language test.
- Candidate must have enough funds to financially support himself, spouse or any children, for settlement in Canada.
- At least a Canadian high-school diploma or equivalent foreign education.
- The candidate must intend to live outside Quebec.
Candidates who can meet all of these minimum requirements can submit an Express Entry Profile for this program. It should be noted that certain medical conditions and criminal offenses can make anyone inadmissible to Canada.
Application procedure for Federal Skill Worker Class:
Interested candidates have to apply Express Entry profile to IRCC. However, submitting this profile will not guarantee that candidate will receive permanent residence. After submitting a profile, the candidate will be assigned a CRS score. Then, the candidate will be considered for an invitation to application further.
While submitting a profile, the candidate must provide the documents mentioned below:
- A valid Educational Credentials Assessment report to attest foreign education value with Canadian standards.
- Language proficiency test results completed within the last 2 years.
- Identification documents, preferably a valid passport.
Besides being successfully completing the CRS pool score, the application needs to pass the second tier of the FSW selection grid score as well.
Canadian Experience Class
Canadian Experience Class is a program that comes under the Express Entry immigration program. However, the Canadian Experience Class uses a Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS). This system can rank all of the interested users against each other to invite highly competitive candidates to apply for permanent residence in Canada. For highly qualified candidates, this can be the best opportunity to work and live in Canada permanently.
To apply under this category, the applicant must have at least 1-year of full-time work experience in Canada within the last 3 years. Foreign candidates who do not possess this level of work experience can’t apply under this class.
- Work experience must be obtained in Canada within 3 years prior to submit the Application of Invitation.
- Skilled work experience must fall under NOC O, A or B.
- Legally obtained work experience.
- Part-time work experience with full-time study could not be counted for this.
In addition to these work level requirements, there are several other requirements which are necessary to meet for this category:
- For NOC O and A, CLB (Canadian Language Benchmark) 7 is necessary for an approved French or English language test.
- However, for NOC B, CLB 5 is necessary.
- Applicant must intend to live in any province other than Quebec.
While submitting an Express Entry profile, the candidate must provide information from several documents like:
- Information from identification is also necessary to provide, ideally a valid passport.
Results of the Language Proficiency Test
- All candidates need to provide language proficiency test result proof taken within the last two years.
However, make sure to meet all the basic admissibility requirements of Canada as well. The candidate will get a CRS score only after submitting an Express Entry profile. Canadian work experience can benefit the applicant in CRS scores.
International Students, who have completed their post-secondary Program in Canada, are also eligible to apply for permanent residency under the CEC Program. After at least two academic years, the work experience based on their post-graduation work permit is only considered valid. The part-time work experience on a student visa or in a Co-op program does not count towards this one year.
Educational Credential Assessment (ECA)
is an evaluation of your foreign educational credentials compared to Canadian standards of education and is valid for the purposes of Canadian immigration. If your ECA report assesses your foreign education equivalent to Canadian Credentials, you may include the information in your Express Entry profile.
Federal Skilled Trades Program (FST)
Federal skill trades class is another opportunity for highly competitive candidates to apply for permanent Canadian residence. This program uses the Comprehensive Ranking System to rank competitive candidates against each other. For qualified trade people, this can be an efficient opportunity to obtain permanent Canadian residence with the right to work and live here permanently. This program is for skilled workers with experience in a selected number of trades. FST allows workers with a valid job offer or a certificate of qualification to acquire permanent residence in any Canadian Province other than Quebec.
Here are the requirements which candidates need to fulfill to submit an Express Entry profile:
- To apply for FST, the candidate must have at least 2 years of work experience full-time in a skilled trade.
- This experience must be obtained within the last 5 years.
- Work experience will be considered only after the candidate has been granted the trade practice certification (if required) in the country of their residence.
NOC code is defining Trades as per the following occupational groups:
- For electric, construction and electrical trades, major group 72
- Major group 73 for equipment operation and maintenance trade
- For technical and supervisors’ jobs in agriculture, natural resources and related departments, Major Group 82
- For central control operators and manufacturing, utilities, and processing supervisors, Major Group 92
- Minor Group 632 for cooks and chefs
- For bakers and butchers, Minor Group 633
Candidates need a minimum of CLB 5 for speaking & listening and CLB 4 for reading & writing any approved English or French language test.
Note: CLB is Canadian Language Benchmark standard which is a descriptive scale of language ability in English written as 12 benchmarks or reference points along a continuum from basic to advance.
There is no education requirement for the Federal Skilled Trades Program. But if you want to improve your rank in the Express Entry pool, you can claim points for your education. Higher is your education, more are the education points you can score. There are also some additional points for education completed in Canada. In addition, candidates must get their ECA done by accredited institutions in order to claim the points for education received outside Canada.
- Candidate must have a full-time employment offer for FST program position or
- Candidate must have a qualification certificate in his skilled trade issued by Canadian territorial or provincial authority.
- The candidate must intend to live outside Quebec.
With all of these requirements fulfilled, the candidate can submit an Express Entry profile.
However, while submitting an entry-level profile, the candidate must submit the following documents too:
- Test results of language proficiency
- Identification documents